Cerro negro OVERVIEW
Central America's youngest volcano, Cerro Negro, was born in April 1850 and has since been one of the most active volcanoes in Nicaragua. Its storied history is charged with eruptions – both major and minor – that have intimately affected the region and the people who live here. Although Cerro Negro lies in a relatively unpopulated area, its occasional heavy ashfalls have caused damage to crops and buildings in populated regions of the Nicaraguan depression.
INTERESTING CERRO NEGRO FACTS
- Cerro Negro is a pyroclastic cones volcano, which means it was formed during a single eruption, when explosively ejected material accumulated around its vent. Pyroclastic cones are the most abundant of volcanic structures. Pyroclastic cones, also known as cinder cones or scoria cones, can form rapidly, but remain active for long periods of time.
- Cerro Negro remains as one of the most popular tourist attraction of Nicaragua, despite the risk associated with its eruptions.
- Cerro Negro are Spanish words meaning “Black Hill”, named as such because of its appearance.
- Cerro Negro has four cones: Cristo Rey, Cerro Las Flores, Cerro La Mula and San Miguel.
- In times of calm the Cerro Negro is scalable, given the low height of its cone, which facilitates the exploration of the interior of the crater, coated with multicolored sublimates and fumaroles. Around the crater, the landscape gives the impression of a lunar panorama.
- The eruption of July 1947 originated “La Gritería Chiquita”, this is an annual celebration to fulfill a promise made by Bishop Isidro Augusto Oviedo y Reyes to the Virgin Mary. He sought her protection from a violent eruption of the Cerro Negro volcano, which was discharging rivers of lava and raining sand and ash over the city. The eruption did not stop until August 14th, after a procession of the Virgin from Leon to the volcano.
- On May 2002, the French sportsman Éric Barone descended Cerro Negro on a bike, he reached 163 kilometers per hour (101 mph) on his first attempt, on a serial production bicycle. A few minutes later, he descended again, on a prototype bicycle. He rode 400 meters (1,300 ft), and just after the computers had registered 172 kilometers per hour (107 mph), the bike sharply entered a section of the hill with a lower gradient, causing the front bicycle fork to break off, and the bicycle and rider to crash hard and tumble down the volcano at high speed. The helmet saved his life, but he had several broken ribs and other injuries.
- In 2011, the Austrian biker Markus Stöckl beat Éric Barone record when he bombed down Cerro Negro at 164.95 kilometers per hour (102.50 mph) using a serial production bicycle. The prototype bicycle record, on gravel, still belongs to Barone.